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Info Slovenia

Info Slovenia

Info Slovenia is a thorough list of vital information regarding Slovenia. Everything a traveler needs for a pleasant stress free travel to Slovenia.

Slovenia is more than an adventure

Slovenia is the green paradise of Europe, a glimmering green jewel. Its lustre changes from yellow fertile Pannonian plains to sky blue Adriatic Sea. Slovene mountains, valleys and rivers represent one of the last remaining intact secret places in Europe, where Alpine flowers bloom and fish swim in clear currents and rivers. In the last century the wooden areas in Slovenia have increased for more than 20 %, therefore it is no wonder why Slovenia is the only European country, in whose forests we can find also a brown bear, a wolf and a lynx. Slovenia is also the only European country where you can take a walk in a part of the mighty deciduous primeval forest that once spread out from the Adriatic to the Baltic Sea.

For centuries Bohinj and Bled with their Alpine environment and lakes surrounded by mountains have been one of the most beautiful and most attractive tourist points in Slovenia. In particularly Bled gained recognition in the world, representing an idyllic Alpine village with a crystal clean lake and magical island with a church in the middle.

The highest Slovene mountain Triglav proudly dominates the river basin of the biggest Slovene river Sava, which is a true Alpine heaven. Clean currents are running through the valley and alpine routes are lead to the Alpine summits and meadow alpines that take your breath away. You can also visit the famous Trenta valley and one of the most beautiful Alpine rivers in the world, the emerald river Soča that provides true pleasure for those who enjoy rafting or kayaking.

Apart from well-know tourist places there are also numerous hidden places, fairly unknown and therefore the most beautiful. Walking or cycling through Kočevje forests, where the last population of bears, wolfs and lynx live, enjoy endless green tranquillity of the past. In remote villages genuine and simple people preserve folk customs and habits, and struggle and live with nature in a man-friendly way. When we canoe down the Kolpa or Krka rivers over the murmuring green pools or when swinging beside the small reeds islands on the intermittent Cerknica lake, it feels as if the time stopped.

Slovenia is a hilly country, a land of plains, lakes and old customs. Polharjenje (dormouse trapping) in Notranjska region, charcoal burning in Pohorje, martinovanje (St. Martins Day) in Štajerska and Primorska region, osmica in Kras region, wood rafting on Drava and Savinja rivers, Mardi Gras carnival in Ptuj and Cerkno are irreplaceable parts of Slovene and world heritage that is unique as it is and special in itself.

Slovene cities are small, picturesque and, above all, nice. In coastal towns like Piran, Isola and Koper you can smell fish, swim in a sky-blue Adriatic Sea and experience picturesque Mediterranean flora and fauna, culture and cuisine. Apart from other coastal towns the Inner of secret towns with its attractive medieval castles take us back to the time of knights, Turkish invasion, to the time when history and culture were yet to be written in this part of the world. Well, the best thing of all is that it takes a visitor only a few hours to see the whole capital Ljubljana. People who have already been to Slovenia claim it is the last European green Paradise and a natural and cultural pearl in the centre of Europe. Therefore, Slovenia is more than an adventure.

Climate in Slovenia

Sub-mediterranean climate can be found in the southwest of Slovenia, from the coastline to the high Dinaric Karst plaines. It's the warmest and mildest climate in Slovenia, since the sea reduces the winter cold and the summer heat. Typical for this climate are mild winters and the most sunny days in the country. It differs from the regular mediterranean climate by it's heavier rainfall and lower temperatures.

Moderate continental climate is typical for the largest part of Slovenia. Average temperatures in the coldest months are lower than 0 °C. In the eastern part of this climate a surplus of precipitation, that is typical for the climate of continental Europe, starts to occur. Winter are quite cold and the summers quite hot.

Alpine climate is typical for Alpine high mountain ranges, mountain valleys that go with it and for some Dinaric plains. It's the most extreme climate in the country. Throughout the whole year temperatures here are lower than in the rest of the country. At the same time, these are the areas with the most precipitation, which are in the colder part of the year, in the form of snowfall.

Average temperatures are -2 °C (28 °F) in January and 21 °C (70 °F) in July. The average rainfall is 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) for the coast, up to 3,500 millimetres (137.8 in) for the Alps, 800 millimetres (31.5 in) for south-east and 1,400 millimetres (55.1 in) for central Slovenia.

Geography

Four major European geographic regions meet in Slovenia: the Alps, the Dinarides, the Pannonian Plain, and the Mediterranean. Slovenia's highest peak is Triglav (2,864 m; 9,396 ft); the country's average height above sea level is 557 metres (1,827 ft). Around half of the country (11,691 km²; 4,514 sq mi) is covered by forests; the third most forested country in Europe, after Finland and Sweden. Remnants of primeval forests are still to be found, the largest in the Kočevje area. Grassland covers 5,593 square kilometres (2,159 sq mi) and fields and gardens 2,471 square kilometres (954 sq mi). There are 363 square kilometres (140 sq mi) of orchards and 216 square kilometres (83 sq mi) of vineyards.

A few facts about Slovenia

General information about Slovenia (PDF)

Transport in Slovenia

Motorways

  • East - West from Šentilj/Spielfield (Austrian border) and Pince (Hungarian border) to Koper with exits, and to the Italian border
  • North - South from the Karavanke Tunnel on the Austrian border to Obrežje on the Croatian border.

The Slovene motorway route heading from East to West is in line with the V. European Transportation Corridor (Trieste, Koper, Postojna, Ljubljana, Budapest), the motorway heading in the direction North - South is also in line with the X. European Transportation Corridor.

Vignettes in Slovenia

We kindly inform you that in accordance with amendement of the Public Roads Act, as of 1st of July 2008 use of vignettes in Slovenia is obligatory for all vehicles with a permissible maximum weight of 3500 kg. From today onwards, purchase of a vignette shall be obligatory for use of all toll roads.

Vignettes can be purchased on all petrol stations in Slovenia, Italy, Austria and in Croatia and in branch offices of automobil clubs.

  • Yearly vignette for vehicles with the permissible maximum weight of 3500 kg - € 110,00
  • Monthly vignette for vehicles with the permissible maximum weight of 3500 kg - € 30,00
  • Weekly vignette for vehicles with the permissible maximum weight of 3500 kg - € 15,00
  • Yearly vignette for motorcycles - € 55,00
  • Half-yearly vignette for motorcycles - € 30,00
  • Weekly vignette for motorcycles - € 7,50

RAILWAY LINKS WITH ADJACENT COUNTRIES:

PORTS AND HARBOURS:

  • Izola
  • Koper
  • Piran

LIST OF AIRPORTS IN SLOVENIA:

International Public Airports: Ljubljana, Maribor, Portorož (only for smaller planes)

AIRPORTS NEAR BY LJUBLJANA:

  • Trieste – Ronchi dei Legionari (I) – 100 km
  • Venezia – Marco Polo (I) 224 km
  • Klagenfurt (A) – 85 km
  • Vienna International Airport (A) – 400 km
  • Zagreb (HR) – 157 km
  • Pula (HR) – 215 km
  • Rijeka (Krk Airport) (HR) – 165 km